The End of the Psalter
Psalms 146–150 in the Masoretic Text, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Septuagint
332 pages, 6.00 x 9.00 in
- Published: August 2018
Psalms 146–150—sometimes called the "Final Hallel"—are often thought to comprise an end to the Psalter. Frequently seen as connected to other psalms through catchwords that act as both literary and theological links, these final psalms are thought to originally, and deliberately, close out the entire book of psalms. However, Alma Brodersen questions this purported function of these psalms.
The End of the Psalter presents new interpretations of Psalms 146–150 based on the oldest extant evidence: the Hebrew Masoretic Text, the Hebrew Dead Sea Scrolls, and the Greek Septuagint. Brodersen analyzes each psalm separately in all three sources, complete with a translation and detailed comments on form, intertextuality, content, genre, and date. Based on this rigorous analysis, Brodersen makes detailed comparisons of the individual psalms and their intertextual references that highlight substantial differences between the transmitted texts.
Brodersen concludes that Psalms 146–150 were separate texts, which only came to form the end of the Psalter in the Masoretic tradition. Her work underscores the importance of "psalms exegesis" before "Psalter exegesis," and illustrates how the use of ancient sources furthers the understanding of the Psalms.
An excellent example of Old Testament scholarship, Brodersen’s work demonstrates how the variety of manuscript evidence for Psalms 146–150 remained in flux well into the first century CE and beyond, and puts those findings in dialogue with current conversations about the shaping of the Psalter.~Jim Nogalski, Professor and Director of Graduate Studies in Religion, Baylor University
Brodersen’s monograph is rich with text-critical detail, which takes account of not only the Masoretic tradition but also the Qumran evidence and the Septuagint, all masterfully brought together to support her overall thesis. An essential resource for Psalms scholars.~William P. Brown, William Marcellus McPheeters Professor of Old Testament, Columbia Theological Seminary
The immense gain of this study is the critical work on each of the Psalms that is without parallel. That contribution will be of great value for subsequent study~Walter Brueggemann, Interpretation: Journal of Bible and Theology