The Old and the New in Religion from Alexander the Great to Augustine of Hippo
Library of Early Christology
Imprint: Baylor University Press
345 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 in
- Published: July 2019
Originally published in 1933, Conversion: The Old and the New in Religion from Alexander the Great to Augustine of Hippo remains one of the most influential studies of religion in the Hellenistic and Roman time periods. For years, Arthur Darby Nock was one of the world’s leading authorities on the religions of later antiquity. In this book, Nock analyzes the religious environment in the Greco-Roman world to reveal what made Judaism and Christianity distinctive.
Nock compares the conversion process of Christianity with other religious options of the time, noting the differences. He traces the connections between Christianity and the culture into which it was born—a culture in which Christian beliefs and practices spread within households and along already established paths of trade to bridge social divides, offering a compelling alternative to traditional and contemporary cultic options. Through a deep examination of the psychology and circumstances of the Greco-Roman period, Nock concludes that Christianity succeeded, in part, because it acquired and adapted various aspects of other religions and philosophies that possessed popular appeal.
Now with a new introduction by Clare K. Rothschild (Lewis University), this new edition of Conversion revitalizes a work that continues to speak. Conversion is still an essential read for anyone attempting to understand the complex relationships among religion, culture, and the rise of Christianity.
1. The Idea of Conversion
2. The Idea of Conversion and Greek Religion before Alexander the Great
3. Greeks in the East after Alexander
4. The Opposite Current
5. The Path to Rome
6. How Eastern Cults Travelled
7. The Appeal of These Cults
8. The Success of These Cults In The Roman Empire
9. The Conversion of Lucius
10. The Last Phase
11. Conversion to Philosophy
12. The Spread of Christianity as a Social Phenomenon
13. The Teachings of Christianity as Viewed by a Pagan
14. Three Types of Conversion. Justin, Arnobius, Augustine
Conversion is still essential for anyone trying to understand the nature of ‘religion’ in the Hellenistic and Roman periods.~Larry Hurtado, Emeritus Professor of New Testament Language, Literature & Theology, University of Edinburgh